Reformation Art reproduces fine art photographic prints of the key figures and events of the Protestant Reformation, and the Presbyterian and Reformed tradition. Please click on the categories to the left to browse our growing collection, or search for your favorite reformer in the box above. Please sign up for our email list in the box below to get occasional updates of new prints added and special discounts.
Francis Makemie was born in Ramelton, County Donegal, Ireland in 1658.
In 1676, he was enrolled in the University of Glasgow. This young brown-haired
blue-eyed Irishman witnessed the extensive persecution of Presbyterians
in Ulster and Scotland which followed the restoration of the monarchy
in 1660. He was ordained in Northern Ireland in 1682 by the Presbytery
of Laggan at the call of Col. William Stevens from Rehobeth Maryland.
Col. Stevens had issued the call to the Presbyterian church to send
Makemie then traveled to the Americas as a missionary. He went to North
Carolina, Maryland, Virigina, and New England. In 1684, Makemie established
the first Presbyterian congregation in America, located in Snow Hill,
Maryland. In 1687, Francis purchased land in Accomack County, Virginia.
He engaged in shipping and trade to make a living, because small town
churches could not afford to fully support a pastor. William Anderson,
a successfull businessman and landowner, helped Makemie become established.
Francis married Anderson's daughter, Naomi. The Naomi
Makemie Presbyterian Church in Onancock is named after her. They
had two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth. Elizabeth died before her father,
while Anne outlived him and was married three times. In 1706, Makemie
helped bring together Presbyterians from different backgrounds to establish
the Presbytery of Philadelphia. This was the birth of American Presbyterianism.
Makemie was elected the first moderator of the Presbytery. Makemie also
established a Presbyterian
congregation in Rehobeth Maryland , which is still in existence.
In January 1707, he was arrested by Lord Cornbury (aka Edward Hyde),
the governor of New York, for preaching without a license. Though Anglicanism
was the official religion, there were many dissenters who preached different
doctrine, including Puritans, Quakers, and Presbyterians. Makemie had
a license to preach as a dissenter in Virgnian and Maryland. After spending
6 weeks in jail, Makemie was aquitted in June 1707. His defense was
based on the English Toleration Act of 1689. Though he was found innocent,
he was ordered to pay the cost of his prosecution, thus prompting the
New York legislature to forbid this from happening again in the future.
This is considered a landmark case in favor of religious freedom in
Francis died in the Summer of 1708. He was buried on his farm on the
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